Heaps vs Clustered Indexes and how tables are structured and data is stored in SQL Server. Data rows from a table are stored in the data pages in either an unsorted order (Heap) or a sort order (Clustered Index).
Heap vs Clustered Index
How to read Heap and Clustered Index table operators in a SQL Server Execution Plan. One way of determining if a table is structured as a Heap or a Clustered Index is to look at the table operators from the Execution Plan.